PowerShell 5.0 on Windows 10 ships with a much-enhanced and colorful PowerShell console. PowerShell 5.0 on other operating systems just has the dull standard console.
That's because the console enhancements come from a module called "PSReadLine". If you installed PowerShellGet (which is always part of PowerShell 5.0 and can be downloaded from www.powershellgallery.com for older PowerShell versions), you can download this module and turn your console into a colorful beast as well:
# download and install the module Install-Module PSReadLine -Scope CurrentUser # load the module to turn on the colors # this could be done automatically in your $profile script Import-Module PSReadline