Here is a challenge for you. The following code is a simple currency converter. However, when you run it, you'll notice it doesn't convert correctly. Instead, you always get back the result you entered:
$number = Read-Host 'Enter amount in US dollars'
$rate = 0.7
$result = $number * $rate
"$number USD equals $result EUR"
As it turns out, $number is really a string variable because Read-Host doesn't care what you type in and always returns it as text.
So when you multiply the string with the conversion rate in $rate, a string multiplication occurs. 0.7 becomes a 1, and this leaves the string the way it is.
There are two remedies which highlight different aspects:
You need to either manually cast the result from Read-Host to a double value like this:
$number = [Double] (Read-Host 'Enter amount in US dollars')
Or, you need to change the order when you multiply:
$result = $rate * $number
Whenever you calculate with different object types, PowerShell looks at the type of the first object. If you make sure this object is a number, and $rate is a number, then it will automatically convert the second object to the same type.